New Archaeological Discoveries

With the help of computed tomography, we learned a lot about the 2,000-year-old children’s mummy in Egypt.

The Mystery of the 2000-Year-Old Child Mummy - image coc1 on

Credit: Jose Moreno

A team of anthropologists cautiously lifted a one-meter-long white flat box, putting one of the employees in the trunk of a parked car in front of the university. There was nothing remarkable in this styrofoam box. It was precisely what the museum officials wanted to protect the box from the greedy gaze of thieves.

The box contained a 2,000-year-old treasure, a child mummy who had crossed the road from Egypt to Philadelphia. 
Penn Museum collection manager James Mathieu said, ki Unfortunately, antiquities have a worldwide market. According to some criteria, these works are valued Bazı. Iz Therefore, you have to be smart enough not to shout out to the world that you have found something of value. You shouldn’t make it your target. El

At around 7.30 am in the morning, museum curators and anthropologists took a short trip to the site of the Philadelphia Children’s Hospital, taking the mummified ruins. The mummy was met by Sabah Servaes, a pediatric radiologist who accepted the application of CT, ie, computed tomography. This tomography would be the first in the 163-year history of the hospital.

The Mystery of the 2000-Year-Old Child Mummy - image coc2 on

Credit: Jose Moreno

The Penn Museum officials already knew something about these ancient ruins. The mummy’s plasterboard is covered with a plaster mask on the face and the linen wrapped in a shroud wrapped in the ruins of a girl child’s inferences. He had lived from 270 to 280 AD, given the fact that he was born roughly 1,000 years after King Tutankhamen, it could be said that he was a Tut relatively new mummy MS. Her style depicts that this little girl had lived in a Roman-dominated area of ​​Egypt at the time.

According to Samanta Cox, the X-ray scan performed about a year ago revealed that there were some bir skeletal anomalies tar in the child.

Cox says, ç The child seems to be 2 years old, but the development of the skeleton, in other words the size of his teeth and bones, is more like a 5-year-old boy. There may be some kind of dwarfism. Bir

Believing there’s more to learn about the mummy, Cox and his colleagues hope that CT, which can provide 3-D imaging, can clarify how this little girl died or was suffering from any disease.

The hope that some organs in the wax can survive without being completely destroyed increases the hopes. 
D The ancient Egyptians practiced an original form of mummification for 5000 years, d said Jen Wegner, assistant curator of the Penn Museum. Dön Because they believed that the person’s life force would return to his body after his death, they made incredible efforts to protect the body. Kiş

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Credit: Jose Moreno

U In this mummification form, the internal organs were removed and the body was dried in the salt for about 70 days. Later, the drying body was eten blessed with oils ere and embraced linen cloths adorned with ornaments believed to protect the dead. Daha

Security guards removed a child’s stretcher from the loading area of ​​the Philadelphia Children’s Hospital, sometimes covered in blue sheets. Wegner and Mathieu carefully moved the mummy from the trunk to the stretcher. A special elevator was used to bring the mummy into the radiology section on the second floor, but it did not happen. Instead, the 
other entrance door in the intermediate muscle of the hospital was used.

Yael Eytan, the marketing and communications manager of the museum, explains the confusion while putting the mummy in the hospital.

Oran Can it be cursed? C asked Cox, pointing to the box, and saying, ”Too small to be cursed. Göz

When she was taken to the Radiology department, the museum staff opened the box and removed the air bubble pack and the pulp paper. When the box was opened and the packages were removed, the images of Anubis, the god of funeral on the coyote, and Sokar, the god of death, were revealed, as well as the little mummy, who was lying with a shroud of lotus flowers, a symbol of birth and resurrection.

After fitting the mummy, Felicia Williams, a radiology technician at the Philadelphia Children’s Hospital, who was ready for the task by wearing her purple gloves, went to the adjacent control room decorated with colorful animal pictures to operate the BT machine.

Doctors did not hesitate to use high doses of radiation to get the most detailed results, as opposed to what they did in a pediatric patient. A total of 5202 views were obtained horizontally and vertically, which were then combined to form a 3D reconstruction.

Within minutes, the radiologist and anthropologists gathered to the computers and found that some organs were still in place. The ribs and teeth were almost intact, but the skull was broken into pieces. Cox says he was confident that damage to his skull was occurring after death.

Cox, fractures in the skull, oluş The bone fractures that occur after the death of a person are different from the fractures that occur while the person is alive. In this example, we can see the shape of the fracture, the bones could not protect the shape and so on, as if broken glass. If the fractures had occurred while the child was alive, the bone would be broken, such as breaking the windshield of the car, creating a spider-like shape. Kır

In fact, most of the skeleton was damaged after mummification. Archaeologists unearthed the mummy in the late 19th century.

Cox, göre You can see that the knees do not stand as they should, and their feet are not in place. The feet are placed on the shin bones. And all these disorders have occurred long after they were mummified. . It’s likely that the mummy was battered when it was removed from the ground. M

Cox and Philadelphia Children’s Hospital radiologist Seth Vatsky came across a curvature indicating the presence of scoliosis in the child’s spine. Other radiologists, Servaes, said the intense lines in the bones showed that the development of the child had improved after an illness or injury, and that this was a positive case. ”It would be good to come across these lines in a living person.“

“Harris lines en or adlandırıl growth lines ın in archeology are called stagnation lines.

Aç These lines basically occur at a time when you don’t get enough food, or because you’re so very sick, you don’t have to develop as much as you should, and your body spends the energy that it has, rather than grow and develop, sebebiyle Cox explains. quite difficult to know.

Cox says they’ll take a closer look at the CT imaging in the weeks to resolve the secrets of the mummies and eliminate the question marks in the heads.

The mummy will be exhibited publicly in the Penn Museum next February.

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