New Archaeological Discoveries

People have been consuming mind-altering substances for a long time. In the Lesser Antilles, a community of islands in the Caribbean Sea, 2,500-year-old pots were discovered to attract hallucinogen substances.

It is known that in many traditional cultures from Americans to Africa, hallucinogenic substances are used for spiritual purposes. Here is the history of these hallucinogens that cause you to see strange delusions that make you confused.

8- LSD

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LSD.

Even though it is known as di acid. Among the people, LSD has a mouth-filling name: lysergic acid diethylamide. This hallucinogen was first synthesized in 1938 from a chemical called ergotamine. Ergotamine is produced from a grain fungus growing on rye.

LSD was originally produced by a pharmaceutical company operating under the name Delysid, but in the 1950s the CIA was abused when the CIA decided to investigate its effects on mind control. Many of the subjects in the MK-Ultra project, which consisted of numerous experiments on mind control and subconscious use by the CIA, began taking the halisinogen for the sake of entertainment (or a so-called enlightenment).

7- Ayahuska (Ayahuasca)

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Ayahuska (Ayahuasca). C: Shutterstock

Ayahuasca is a hallucinogenic mixture obtained by boiling and brewing the Banisteriopsis caapiplant grown in the Amazons . Ayahuasca, which has been used by the South American tribes for many years in spiritual rituals and healing, has a very intense emotional experience to the person, just like other hallucinogens. Nausea and vomiting are among the common effects of this interesting substance that is brewed like tea. In 2006, National Geographic writer Kira Salak shared what she had experienced after drinking a ayahuasca in Peru in the magazine article.

Salak, in his article, wrote the experience, he wrote: sözler I will never forget how it happened. That overwhelming misery. The end of the agony that will not come to an end. No one to help, no place to escape. The idea of ​​finding a tiny light in such a dense darkness seems unthinkable. Then suddenly, I’m falling into a vortex of fire, and the surrounding figures are dying to me, asking me to save them. The others scare me. ‘They’re never gonna get out of here.’ ‘Never. Never’.”

6- Peyote

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Peyote. C: US ​​Fish and Wildlife Service

Peyote is a cactus that receives hallucinogenic effect from mescaline. Like many other hallucinogens, mescaline also binds the serotonin receptors in the brain to create exuberant sensations and a kaleidoscopic view.

Local groups in Mexico used it for thousands of years in this ceremonial cactus. Other cacti producing mescaline have been used by the South American tribes for rationalistic purposes. Peyote has an important role in the religious practice of these groups and tribes. Today, in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada and Oregon states, it is allowed to have peyote for use only in religious ceremonies.

5- Magic Mushroom

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Magic Mushroom. C: Cactu, Wikipedia

The bin magic etken in hallucinogenic mushrooms comes from the active substance vücut psilocybin oc, which becomes psilocin in the body. Psilocin can bind all serotonin receptors in the brain, causing hallucinations or synethesis, in other words, mixing of two different emotions. For example, someone under the influence of this substance feels that they can smell or see colors.

People who have been inclined to use every substance that has changed their mind since the early ages of history have been researching mushrooms containing psilocybin for thousands of years. Synthetic psilocybin is currently being examined as a possible treatment of anxiety, depression and addiction.

4- PCP

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The PCP. C: Shutterstock

The PCB, abbreviated to Phencyclidine, is a hallucinogenic substance known as “angelic powder F. PCP, which blocks neurotransmitter glutamate receptors in the brain, is considered to be more dangerous than other hallucinogens due to schizophrenia-like symptoms and severe side effects.

These side effects also cause PCP to not be used for medical purposes. PCP was tested as an anesthetic agent in the 1950s and was used for short-term fainting of animals during the operation. However, by the 1960s, PCP came down to the streets from operating theaters and was used for entertainment purposes thanks to the intense enthusiasm and unbeaten feeling it gave to the person. Unfortunately, all the enthusiasm that the PCP delivers can cause truly destructive behaviors such as throwing oneself through the window or injuring itself. Needless to say, it causes unintentional shocks when taken in high doses.

3- Ibogain

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Ibogaine to. C: Shutterstock

The ibogain, derived from the African iboga plant, is another hallucinogen that has long been used by tribes. Surprisingly, this substance, which shows promising results in the treatment of addiction, is not prohibited in Mexico and Europe, unlike the United States.

However, the use of ibogain for therapeutic purposes can be misleading. The common side effect of ibogain, which can lead to heart rhythm problems, is vomiting. The Massachusetts-based Multidisciplinary Psychiatry Research Association (MAPS) reports an estimated 300 deaths due to ibogain. The team is investigating the long-term effects of ibogain on patients enrolled in drug treatment programs in New Zealand and Mexico.

2- Salvia divinorum

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Salvia divinorum.

Salvia divinorum , also known as larda sage iyor, grows in the foggy forests of Oaxaca, Mexico. Although the local Mazateks used the tea they infused from the leaves of this plant in the spiritual rituals, it is enough for the plant to attract or chew the smoke to create a hallucinogenic effect.

According to the National Institute for Drug Addiction, salvia is not currently controlled, but it is intended to be brought into an illegal situation and to be classified as marijuana.

1- Ecstasy

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Ecstasy.

Madde E an, bozuk X ve, Ecstasy, or so-called (tight) 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is a substance that leads to serotonin release in the brain, thereby creating enthusiasm, energy and perception. It can increase the body temperature and increase the risk of heat stroke. According to the National Institute of Drug Addiction, studies on animals show that MDMA causes long-term and dangerous changes in the brain.

MDMA was first synthesized in 1912 by a chemist who was looking for substances to stop the bleeding. In the following years, the ecstasy that does not attract anyone’s attention began to find buyers in the streets in the 1970s. It was common among crazy parties, night clubs and especially psychedelic music lovers. Ecstasy is still prevalent today. Researchers are investigating whether ecstasy can be used in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder and cancer-related anxiety.

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