New Archaeological Discoveries
An international team, taking the energy consumption as its benchmark, has determined that ancient civilizations have been involved in globalization long before the past was thought, which shows that an integrated global economy is nothing new, and benefits societies throughout the ages.
Rather than focusing on a specific region or culture, the use of a radioncarbon test to examine human societies in a wider and longer context makes this archaeological research a first in its field.
Jacopo A. Baggio, an associate professor of Political Science at the University of Florida, was the co-author of the study, and the findings were published in the National Academy of Sciences .
His research team includes Jacob Freeman, associate professor of archeology at Utah State University, and Erick Robinson, assistant research scientist at the University of Wyoming Department of Anthropology.
Researchers found that societies frequently experienced sudden rise and fall periods simultaneously.
A period ranging from about 10,000 to 400 years, in other words, a period of time covering most of the Holocene age, radiocarbon dating and historical records were used to measure energy consumption throughout the period.
As a result of the findings, it was found that the more energy consumption, the more likely that a society would have experienced an increase in the population and political and economic activities.
Areas surveyed include the west of the United States, the British Isles, Australia and Northern Chile.
Radiocarbon dating is applied to organic substances such as seeds, animal bones and burned wood from ancient garbage heaps in these areas. In this dating method, the radioactive decay of the carbon14 isotope in the substance is measured to determine the age of the organic matter.
The findings of the researchers indicate that early globalization could have been used as a strategy for the development of a society by means of combat, trade and war with other remote communities when its carrying capacity is overcome.
Baggio is also a member of the National Center for Integrated Coastal Research and Sustainable Coastal Systems of the University of Central Florida. the report says.
En Resistance is inherently dynamic, Bag Baggio says. Ur Therefore, it is very difficult to grasp the resistance in a short period of time. In the study, we had the opportunity to study long-term trends, to learn what the rise and fall were, and to see how societies react and adapt to them. We hope that this will be a lesson for today’s societies. Bun
Baggio said that the ups and downs in the societies were an integral part of civilization. However, given the solidarity in our societies, similar synchronization trends still continue today. Ancak
Freeman says that this new work also plays an important role for the human societies of a thousand years ago, which are also known as globalization, and that the processes of establishing and independent relations of societies have a thousand years ago.
”If every culture was unique, we couldn’t see any concurrency or harmony in the records of energy consumption.“
According to Robinson, it is necessary to examine cultures not only in certain time scales but in long periods of time.
”In order to be able to see the whole picture, we must move back and forth between different spatial and temporal scopes.“
Ey When we adopt a wider perspective, we are still in solidarity with others, regardless of our cultural differences. “
”While mutual commitment provides advantages for societies, it may also have negative aspects.“
. The closer we are to each other, the more we are in a state of solidarity, the weaker we are from a social or ecological crisis in another country and spread to our country. The more we synchronize, in other words, if we put our eggs in the same basket, we cannot cope with the unpredictable changes