New Archaeological Discoveries
Stone tools in the Philippines have brought the modern people to the islands about roughly 600,000 years ago, but we are not sure who made them.
The article published in the magazine Nature reveals that the fragmented rhinoceros skeleton found on a longoz river bed on the island of Luzon was found alongside artificial tools. Obviously, the old people who built these tools were after food. Two of the rhino’s limbs were broken inside, as if someone was trying to reach the inside of the marrow.
The age of the remains actually makes them remarkable; At a point in the 631,000 to 777,000 age range, knife-traced bones can say 709,000 annuals, according to the best estimate by the researchers. In earlier times when Homo sapiens began to appear on the scene of history.
The earliest hominins in the Philippines previously belonged to the 67,000-year-old footbath from the Callao Cave on the island of Luzon.
(People were in the Philippines 700,000 Years Ago )
According to Thomas Ingicco, an archaeologist working at the French Museum of Natural History, in It’s amazing to come across such an ancient society in the Philippines. A there seems to be some confusion among researchers – especially the questions about how early hominins could have come to the Philippines are already ready to be asked.
According to paleoanthropologist Michael Petraglia, who is not involved in the study, this is quite remarkable. Herhangi There has been no speculation about the early hominins settled in the regions like the Philippines, but there was no good evidence to date! Gibi says Petraglia.
It is not possible to reach the islands of the South Pacific, which requires quite a difficult journey by the open ocean, without knowing how to navigate and travel in the sea.
But perhaps as always, life finds a way. In 2004, Homo floresiensis, discovered thousands of years ago, was discovered on isolated islands of Flores . In 2016, stone tools were found on the island of Sulawesi in the northern region of Flores. It was concluded that these tools in Sulawesi were at least 118,000 years old, which corresponded to 60,000 years before the first modern people to reach these islands.
( Three Main Migration Waves in Southeast Asian History )
According to Adam Brumm, a paleoanthropologist working on the genus Homo floresiensis , Br As the days of the ancient hominins are able to make deep sea transitions to a significant extent – this is incredibly exciting! Hom
In order to explore such areas, Ingicco and biologist John de Vos went to Kalinga, a region in northern Luzon, which is famous for the presence of ancient bones. Researchers had found many animal bones and stone tools in the area since the 1950s, but proper dating could not be made for these scattered remains. To prove that old-time hominins are living in Kalinga, de Vos and Ingicco still need to find the remains that are buried.
In 2014, the researcher team excavated a test pit of up to 2,133 meters in Kalinga. Almost immediately, they have already begun to find bones of a long-extinct rhino species. In the end, they managed to remove a fully preserved skeleton with the stone tools belonging to the shredders.
In order to date the region, the team also measured the amount of radiation absorbed by the rhino and the teeth of the rhino, as well as the natural uranium content in one of the rhinoceros teeth. Natural uranium degrades to thorium over time and has a half-life. In the mud around the bones of the rhinoceros, molten glass remains, which could have survived a meteor that hit the world 781,000 years ago, were also obtained.
The author of the study, the sedimentologist Gerrit van den Bergh, said: em It is understood that many dating dates unfortunately are unreliable today, so we need to try the dating method as much as we can in order to reach a correct result. Araştır
One of the list of discovered instruments is the Denisovans, a ghostly strain of a new type of hominine according to the DNA sequences from the fossils found in Siberia. However, Homo erectus , one of the earliest hominins who have surely reached Southeast Asia , has been unearthed about 700,000-year-old Homo Erectus fossils in Java, an island based on Indonesia .
According to Ingicco’s team, the hominins who have torn the rhinoceros are Homo floresiensis ‘ Luzon versions of the Homo erectus lineage that appear to have settled in Flores . During the millennia, Homo erectus could have evolved efficiently on these remote islanders. This shrink is called island dwarfism.
In 2010, a team led by archaeologist Armand Mijares found a foot bone at Callao Cave. The dimensions of this bone matched both modern people and Homo floresiensis . The Luzonian hominins, who are currently under investigation, descended from the Homo erectus , which came to the islands as marine survivors thousands of years ago ? It’s too early to confirm this right now.
Bu We have no knowledge of the prehistoric time 600,000 years ago, but it is a field that can be worked on, yıl says Petraglia.
Survive in the storm?
According to Ingicco’s team, there are only two routes where stone tools can pass to the Philippines, regardless of who owns it; A route from Borneo or Palawan and from west to east, or another route from north to south through China and Taiwan. However, how the hominins surpass the ocean remains an unanswered question.
After the findings of the Callao Cave unearthed in 2010, some experts attributed these findings to the presence of ancient seafarers, perhaps it is unlikely to think that our extinct cousins may have used primitive boats. But this idea is still considered a bit of compulsion, because rhinoceros and elephant-like animals that don’t openly build boats are among those reaching Luzon.
Perhaps the ancestors of the hominins who were ravaged by large animals and rhino were dragged into Luzon by masses of mud puddles and aquatic plants from the shoreline by massive storms. At the same time, the regional tsunamis may have dragged some Homo erectus individuals into the sea. They may have been accidentally dragged into the new islands, clinging to this wreck.
Paleoanthropologist Russell Ciochon says, bir There is no conspiracy or Open Destiny here, as a result of accidental water transport to Homo erectus .
Brumm listens his curiosity as follows: “Have people of our kind encountered any of these beings? What could be the nature of this interaction? Insan, the first modern people who have reached Luzon, the possibility of encountering these early hominins, brings with it a lot of questions. waiting to be answered!