In the ancient city of Assos in the Ayvacık district of Çanakkale, the 2,300-year-old family grave, which contained the remains of a skeleton and a burned funeral, was found.
Assos, where Aristotle founded the school of philosophy, becomes the stopover of hundreds of thousands of visitors each year with its ancient theater, agora, necropolis and walls.
Head of the Excavation Committee of Assos Antique City Dr. Nurettin Arslan, excavations in this year’s section of the ancient city in a sounding of the 2,300-year-old family grave found in the study, he said.
Family grave of 21 people
Stating that they continue excavations and repairs in different parts of the city this year. Dr. Nurettin Arslan, said:
Ik This year we conducted drilling operations for the reception center which should be made within the scope of landscaping. During these excavations, we discovered a family cemetery in the so-called Western Necropolis. On the cover of the grave was Aristios, the family’s surname at that time. This family cemetery, where we reached the data of the Aristios family, was surrounded by walls and found 21 individuals. The burial customs in this area gave us important information about the tradition in Assos in the Hellenistic Age.
Individuals burned into containers
Arslan stated that one of the family members was normal and the others were buried.
V After the burning process, the remaining bones were collected and cube-shaped urns made of stone or filled with different soil vases. Following the abandonment of some burial gifts next to the bones, they were covered with a cloth. Caps are glued with lime to prevent ingress of impurities into stone urns. Each tomb is known as tear bottle unguentaria and a coin is left. Among the coins are the coins of the city of Alexander the Great and Ephesus.
Arslan stated that they reached the knowledge that the dead were burned mainly in the Hellenistic Age. Ine But besides this, the skeletal burial with the old system continues very rarely. We saw that only one of the 21 graves in this area we were working was buried without being burned. Others are made of stone-made urne or different vessels, especially in containers made of jugs after the burning of bones are seen. Yapılmış He said.
A tear bottle to all
Arslan pointed out that another point that attracted their attention in these tombs was to leave one of the tear bottles in almost every grave.
”This also shows the fact that the people who died during the funeral collect their tears and put them in the graves of their relatives, as some ancient writers report.“
En During the visits to the family cemetery, it was determined that the presents were left in front of the north wall where the gifts were brought. Many Hellenistic vases were found, which were left as a very well preserved votive. The family cemetery provided invaluable information about the chronology and typology of ceramics in Assos in the Hellenistic Age. As in other ancient cities, new excavations allow the acquisition of new information on these cities. Diğer
Professor Dr. Nurettin Arslan, the family grave in the last 2,300 years in the period without being damaged and remain intact remains a very important point, he added.